“The price of battery packs of EVs is expected to fall to $76/KWh (or unit) in three years, down from the $156/KWh at present. At that point, even the upfront cost of electrical vehicles will become cheaper than combustion vehicles, with the total cost of ownership already competitive,” he said.
Kant was speaking at the World Sustainable Development Summit 2020, organized by sustainability thinktank The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi.
At present, in India EVs cost over two times more than their internal combustion engine (ICE) counterparts. The high cost of EVs is mainly because of the use of imported Li-ion batteries in the absence of domestic manufacturing.
Reaffirming national vision towards moving to clean mobility, Kant said, “Given its size and scale of growth potential, Indian industry must be the biggest driver of change to make us the centre of manufacturing of EVs. There are two challenges to address, to ensure new form of urbanisation which is based on public transportation, and to ensure India doesn’t lose out among global manufacturers of tomorrow.”
Representatives from the auto industry in the session welcomed the direction given by the NITI Aayog CEO, and sought clarity on pathways and policy that the government is looking to take on EVs. They urged the government to speedily develop a roadmap, as to whether to focus on hybrid or fully electric mobility, and policies that can promote indigenous research and development.
Casting his vote in favour of strengthening public transport, NITI Aayog CEO said that it is essential that innovative and sustainable development is backed by embedding our cities with public transportation and not by private vehicles. He affirmed the push for compressed natural gas (CNG) based transport for travel within cities, liquefied natural gas (LNG) for intercity, and in the long-run a focus on hydrogen as fuel, especially for public transportation.
Pairing with renewable power essential
Though EVs considerably reduce GHG emissions, their overall air quality benefits depend on the source of electricity used to charge them.
Speaking at the corporate conclave, TERI Dr Ajay Mathur said that there is a need to decarbonise key sectors such as road economy and in the process push a transition to 100% green electricity-based mobility.
“In order to move towards a shared, connected and zero emission world, and to realise the full benefits of EVs, it is important that the battery is charged with clean power and not fossil power,” he said.
There are different pathways or strategies to achieve the goal of decarbonizing the transport sector. Recently, TERI has undertaken a study about the contribution of different strategies in total carbon emissions. IT was found that model shift has the maximum impact followed by efficiency improvement and electrification of vehicle fleet.