Major trends in the Indian solar PV sector


The Indian solar photovoltaic (PV) sector has witnessed remarkable growth in recent years, playing a pivotal role in the country’s transition towards sustainable energy sources. As we step into 2024, several trends are shaping the landscape of the Indian solar industry, emphasizing sustainability, innovation, and increased adoption.

Rapid capacity expansion

One of the most notable trends in the Indian solar PV sector  is the rapid expansion of solar capacity. With the government’s ambitious target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, there is a heightened focus on scaling up solar installations across the country. Developers and investors are actively participating in the solar revolution, contributing to the growth of both utility-scale and distributed solar projects.

Technological advancements

Technological advancements are playing a crucial role in enhancing the efficiency and affordability of solar PV systems. Innovations in solar panel designs, energy storage solutions, and smart grid technologies are making solar power more accessible and reliable. The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in solar operations is optimizing energy production, reducing maintenance costs, and enhancing overall system performance.

Floating solar farms

A novel trend gaining momentum is the development of floating solar farms. With land scarcity being a challenge in densely populated regions of India, floating solar projects are emerging as a sustainable solution. These projects, deployed on water bodies such as lakes and reservoirs, not only conserve land but also offer increased energy yield due to the cooling effect of water on solar panels.

Green hydrogen production

Green hydrogen, produced through the electrolysis of water using renewable energy, is gaining prominence. As the demand for clean and sustainable fuels rises, solar power is being harnessed to produce green hydrogen, a zero-emission energy carrier. This trend aligns with India’s commitment to reducing carbon emissions and fostering a green economy.

Government initiatives and policy support

Government initiatives and policy support continue to drive the growth of the solar PV sector in India. The government is actively promoting investment in the solar industry through incentives, subsidies, and favourable regulatory frameworks. The introduction of the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme for solar manufacturing is expected to boost domestic production and reduce dependency on imports.

Decentralized solar power

The adoption of decentralized solar power solutions is on the rise. Distributed generation through rooftop solar installations and community solar projects is empowering consumers to become prosumers, generating and consuming their own solar energy. This trend not only promotes energy independence but also contributes to the resilience of the overall power system.


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