Power minister RK Singh said recently the draft document of the National Green Hydrogen Mission is under inter-ministerial consultations.
The mission envisages commercial production of green hydrogen production in the nation from the financial year 2025-26 onwards. The draft proposes to undertake hydrogen production projects through a competitive bidding mode which would be open to participation from both private and public entities.
Further, the Mission includes frameworks for indigenous manufacturing and research & development aimed at improving the efficiency of electrolyzers—systems that use electricity to break water into hydrogen and oxygen in a process called electrolysis.
Among other provisions, the Mission includes a framework for demand creation of green hydrogen through mandates in identified sectors.
At present, no state-owned refinery in India is producing green hydrogen.
As for current capacity in the nation, a green hydrogen project with a production capacity of one tonne per day has been established at Bikaner, Rajasthan, under the private sector. Further, under a Research and Development project supported by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, a 5 Nm3/h (normal cubic meter per hour) green hydrogen production plant based on solar energy-powered electrolysis has been established at the National Institute of Solar Energy, Gurugram, said the minister.
The National Hydrogen Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Independence Day this year. It is aimed to make India a global hub for green hydrogen production and export.
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