Power electronics interfaced electricity generators such as solar PV or other renewables like wind offer some profoundly different electrical properties than fossil fuel generators. Network operators in some advanced markets have already stepped up, demanding from power electronics suppliers ever more advanced algorithms to maintain grid stability despite high PV penetration.
Market researchers IHS Markit issued a white paper titled “Grid stability: How PV inverters can help overcome challenges in the 21st century,” in which the analysts’ asset that inverter suppliers will need to equip their products with increasingly more functionality. Cumulative global PV capacity increased from 241 GW in 2015 to 758 GW in 2020, shifting the ratio of synchronous generation and power electronics interfaced generation so far that inverters are due for a set of technology updates.
In the leg ahead of the energy transition, technologies such as reactive power control, dynamic transient behavior, virtual power plants, vehicle-to-grid, and artificial intelligence will take center stage and enable PV to maintain stable grid supply.
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