The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), an autonomous R&D body under the government of India, is implementing a Hydrogen Technology (H2T) program with a budget of about INR 80 crore ($9.7 million) to strengthen its green hydrogen research, innovation, and technology development activities. The program focuses on improving the lifetime of electrolyzers by the development of thermochemically robust membranes and electrolytes, reinforced fluoropolymer membranes, graphite composite bipolar plates, and ceramic interconnects.
Additionally, under the Department of Science and Technology’s call of Advanced Hydrogen & Fuel Cell (AHEC 2021), R&D projects are being supported on various hydrogen technologies. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Amethi, and CHRIST University (deemed to be a university), Bengaluru, both are working on increasing the lifetime of electrolyzers.
Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Amethi, is developing electrodes and a modular, compact, membrane-less electrolyzer setup for sustainable H2 production from sea, tap, and groundwater.
CHRIST University is developing an alkaline water electrolyzer stack prototype for green H2 production from dynamic renewable energy devices using a self-repairable electrocatalyst and stable membrane.
Notably, the Union Cabinet has approved the National Green Hydrogen Mission with an initial outlay of INR 19,744 crore. The Mission proposes a comprehensive R&D program to support innovation efforts for improving the affordability, efficiency, and reliability of green hydrogen technologies including electrolyzers. An outlay of INR 400 crore has been earmarked for the R&D program.
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