All major ports should switch to over 90% renewable energy by 2047, say new guidelines


The Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways has issued the ‘Harit Sagar’ Green Port Guidelines for ports to reduce their carbon intensity and become sustainable. The guidelines emphasize using clean energy in port operation and developing port capabilities for storage, handling, and bunkering of greener fuels such as green hydrogen, green ammonia, and green methanol.

“Indian Ports will play an important role in contributing towards de-carbonization efforts of the country. Ports are, therefore, required to undertake green initiatives in line with the broad vision of the country and contribute to the efforts being made by the country in moving towards achieving India’s long-term goal of reaching net-zero emission by 2070,” states the document.

These guidelines shall apply to all major ports of India and seek the participation of all stakeholders, including terminal operators, logistics service providers, partner government agencies, shipping lines, etc., to ensure a sustainable and green port ecosystem.

The guidelines state renewable energy’s share at ports should exceed 60% by 2030 and 90% by 2047. Ports will make efforts to retrofit port crafts (including tugs, pilot boats, mooring boats, survey boats, etc) with available technology for propulsion on cleaner and greener fuel, viz, green ammonia, green hydrogen (through fuel cell), and green methanol in a phased manner.

Further, ports will make an action plan and implement the projects to achieve the targets set for the ports/port crafts in the National Green Hydrogen Mission, including the creation of infrastructure at select ports for storage, bunkering, and refueling of green hydrogen and its derivative, within the targeted timelines. And green ammonia bunkers and refueling facilities should be established at all major ports by 2035.

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